List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Taiwan
n = 184
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Table 1: 169 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 3 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 12 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 184 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table 1: 169 species currently present in the country/island.
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Order Family Species Occurrence FishBase name Name
Perciformes Gobiidae Acanthogobius hastanative  長身鯊 
Perciformes Sparidae Acanthopagrus latusnative Yellowfin seabream 烏鯮 
Perciformes Gobiidae Acentrogobius chlorostigmatoidesnative Greenspot goby 綠斑細棘鰕虎魚 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Acrossocheilus paradoxusnative  石斑 
Perciformes Ambassidae Ambassis miopsnative Flag-tailed glass perchlet 少棘雙邊魚 
Perciformes Ambassidae Ambassis urotaenianative Banded-tail glassy perchlet 細尾雙邊魚 
Perciformes Cichlidae Amphilophus citrinellusintroduced Midas cichlid  
Perciformes Anabantidae Anabas testudineusnative Climbing perch  
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla bicolornative Indonesian shortfin eel 二色鰻 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla japonicanative Japanese eel 日本鰻 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla marmoratanative Giant mottled eel 鱸鰻 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Aphyocypris amnisnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Aphyocypris kikuchiiendemic  馬達卡 
Siluriformes Ariidae Arius disparnative Fleshysnout catfish  
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous melanocephalusnative Largesnout goby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous ocellarisnative  厚唇鯊 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbodes semifasciolatusnative Chinese barb 條紋二鬚魞 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbodes snyderinative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbonymus schwanenfeldiiintroduced Tinfoil barb  
Perciformes Terapontidae Bidyanus bidyanusintroduced Silver perch Silver perch 
Perciformes Eleotridae Butis gymnopomusnative  裸首瘠塘鱧 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Candidia barbataendemic  台灣鬚鱲 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Candidia pingtungensisnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius carassiusnative Crucian carp  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius cuvieriintroduced Japanese white crucian carp 日本鯽 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus leucasnative Bull shark 公牛白眼鮫 
Perciformes Channidae Channa asiaticanative Small snakehead 七星鱧 
Perciformes Channidae Channa maculatanative Blotched snakehead 鱧魚 
Perciformes Channidae Channa orientalisnative Walking snakehead  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Chanodichthys erythropterusnative Predatory carp 曲腰 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Chelon macrolepisnative Largescale mullet 大鱗鮻 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Chelon subviridisnative Greenback mullet 白鮻 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cirrhinus molitorellaintroduced Mud carp 鯁魚 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias batrachusintroduced Philippine catfish Thailand catfish 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias fuscusnative Hong Kong catfish 土殺 
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Colossoma macropomumintroduced Cachama Pacu 
Perciformes Cichlidae Coptodon zilliiintroduced Redbelly tilapia 吉利慈鯛 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Culter alburnusnative  翹嘴鮊 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpiointroduced Common carp 鯉 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Distoechodon tumirostrisnative  圓吻鮰 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Doryichthys boajanative  寶珈海龍 
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris melanosomanative Broadhead sleeper 黑塘鱧 
Perciformes Gobiidae Favonigobius reicheinative Indo-Pacific tropical sand goby 雷氏鯊 
Perciformes Apogonidae Fibramia amboinensisnative Amboina cardinalfish  
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Formosania lacustreendemic  石貼仔 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia affinisintroduced Mosquitofish 大肚魚 
Perciformes Cichlidae Geophagus brasiliensisintroduced Pearl cichlid  
Perciformes Gerreidae Gerres decacanthusnative Small Chinese silver-biddy  
Perciformes Eleotridae Giuris margaritaceanative Snakehead gudgeon 無孔塘鱧 
Perciformes Gobiidae Glossogobius aureusnative Golden tank goby 金叉舌鰕虎 
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